these are line because they have lines that stand out and are kinda pleasing to look at.
these demonstrate framing because in both photos they’re clearly standing inside somewhere taking a picture of outside.
Light writing, slow shutter speed, and I don’t think they used a tripod because its kinda shaky
fast, fast shutter, this one is hard to tell if they used a tripod or not but maybe
panning, slow shutter, yes they needed a tripod for this
slow, slow shutter, probably needed a tripod