These photos are framing because the people are in the middle of the shape thats framing them.
The quality of light for the first one is direct. The quality of light for the second photo is also direct.
These photos are an example of line because there are lines in one or more directions clearly in this picture.
The quality of light for the first photo is unknown because the picture is black and white. The second photos light quality is defused because there are shadows and the light is not directly on the steps.